Fruit of the Osage Orange Tree, the HedgeApple.

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Hedgeapple Folklore provides numerous claims that hedgeapples are repellent to insects and spiders. The fruit of the osage orange has been placed in households for ages.

The Hedgeapple's average lifespan in an air-condition environment is 2-3 months. Although some can develop spots at an early stage, Hedgeapples should only be discarded once most of the green has disappeared.

Check out our Guestbook and Survey forms to see what other Hedgeapples users have said. Feel free to add your own comment.


As a testament to the effectiveness, I failed to utilize any last year and this summer I noticed an abundance of spiders

- Tom

Now that people know what these are and their many purposes it's getting harder to find them on the roadsides. These really do work. I was skeptical at first but I noticed a difference in as little as a week. I wish I could get them more than once a year but I can't be greedy!

- Kimberly

Used in 1994 for a massive flea infestation. Took ten years before we had fleas again. This is with multiple dogs that lived inside.

- Penny

Hedgeapple 101

  • Hedgeapples are not poisonous. However, Hedgeapples have suffocated livestock by lodging in their esophagus.
  • Very often, a Hedgeapple is incorrectly referred to as a Hedge Ball, Horse Apple, Green Brains, Monkey Balls or Mock Orange. In Texas, they call them Horse Apples, in fact they write poems about them (click here for the poem). Thank you Nancy for letting us post it.
  • The hedge tree has several names, Osage Orange (most popular) and Bodark (French) and Maclura pomifera (scientific name). Naturalist, Jim Mason has posted a very professional page about Osage Orange.
  • The Osage Orange is native to a limited area centered on the Red River valley in southern Oklahoma and northern Texas.
  • Strangely the oldest and biggest Osage Orange tree is in Virginia. Why isn't it in its native states? I challenge the people of Oklahoma and Texas to find an older and bigger Osage Orange tree and take your rightful place.
  • Not all of the Osage Orange trees will have fruit because hedge trees are either male or female.
  • Osage Orange is a cousin to the mulberry tree.
  • It is rumored that During WWII GI's were fed hedgeapples due to food shortages. If anyone knows the details on this, please email or put in the guestbook.
  • Hedge Wood has several top characteristics:
  • Has highest strength for primitive bows used in archery. For more information see Mike Easter's Osage Orange page. He is as devoted to Osage Orange tree as I am.
  • Highest in rot resistance without additives.
  • Dried hedge is highest in BTU's when used as firewood. Hedge wood is the closest to a piece of coal as you can get. Check this link out to see which dried wood has the most BTU's. Mr. Hedgeapple is No. 1 here too!
  • Green Hedge puts on the most spectacular light show when burned in a fireplace. Occasionally, I would put some green hedge in our fireplace and watch the fireworks. It emits sparkles constantly and some can go over a yard in distant. There are never large pops, just a constant blevy of very small sparks that would go through the fireplace screen. They were not large enough to mark clothes or carpet when they land. It is not recommend to use green hedge as firewood unless in a sealed stove. However, dried hedge is much more quiet, safer, and has more BTU's than any other dried wood. As with all woods, you still should use a protective screen or shield between the fireplace and the room.
  • Could Hedge wood be the best for making string musical instruments?
  • Gary Woodall thinks it might be. Check out his Guitar. Move over famed violin maker, Antonio Stradivari, Gary is here!!
  • There is an person in Americus, Ks who makes Harps from Osage Orange because he believes it is the most dimensionally stable of all woods when aged and placed under strain.
  • Hedge wood is an attractive yellow wood. Check the pens by Mimosa Custom Pens.

Articles about Hedgeapples

Martha Stewart Living Magazine, Nov., 2001, Page 5
"Enjoying Hedge Apples" Article discusses uses of Hedgeapples. is mentioned in it! We're so proud!

Article by Iowa State University's Entomology Department Research study states "Chemicals produced naturally by the osage orange (also known as hedgeapple) repel German cockroaches."

The Versatile Osage-Orange (Hedgeapple)  
A good starting point for the person that want's to know the history and the properties of the osage orange tree. This is a very good read!

Crafts Using Hedgeapples

Hedgeapple Decoration
Dried flower arrangement to the left is dried hedgeapples.
The hedgeapples are sliced with a serrated knife and dried in an oven with a pilot light for about five days. As they dry they are molded around a small ball of foil.

Mentioned on Martha Stewart episode.
Martha was using them for decorations (in their natural state and not dried)
Clay art and Stoneware
The ash from the common Hedge Apple makes an astoundingly beautiful glaze. Simply place one of these on or in a clay piece and fire to cone ten. It makes a sunburst of reds, golds and oranges.

Growing and Planting

  • Planting Hedge Trees - Old Timers told our friend Clark Knapp that they started Hedge Rows by dumping the Hedgeapples in a barrel, letting them sit over the winter allowing them to freeze and thaw until spring when they were soft. They then mashed them, added water and poured the slurry into a plowed furrow and cover about a inch or two. They kept the hedgeapples moist during the winter by drilling holes and letting about 2 inches of water stand in the bottom (if all the fruit is left submerged for extended length of time, they will not sprout). Mr Knapp is only 86 years old, and claims he is a few days away from being an Old Timer himself. I assume this method would be a good technique if one would want the hedge row to act as a fence. Mr. Knapp knows his business. Picture at right was taken on his farm. I tried this planting technique last spring and it works (over 300 seedlings in a 8 ft hedgerow). Complete description of Hedgeapple seed experiment.
  • Small Osage orange trees can also be snatched from pastures. Identifying the tree can be tricky, hedgeapple trees have leaves very similar to Mulberry trees. You definitely do not want a wild Mulberry tree attracting flies to your front yard.
  • Mr Hedgeapple will be preparing seed this winter and might have some available for sale. The winter season is the best time to plant trees to reduce stress & promote healthier growth. I am selling trees from my garden hedge row now (email me for details).